Francophonie

Republic of Macedonia became full-fledged member of the International Organization of Francophonie on 28th September 2006, during the Summit of the Francophonie held in Bucharest, Romania. Previously, Republic of Macedonia had the status of observer. This status was obtained during the Summit held in Hanoi, Vietnam in 1997. In 1999 Republic of Macedonia was given the status of associate member in Monkton, Canada.

The participation of Republic of Macedonia into the Francophonie is based mostly on the acceptance of the fundamental principles and values of this Organization that are in compliance with the European determinations: world peace, democracy, human rights, equal and sustainable development, education, training, science and research, youth and sport, new information technologies, affirmation and protection of the cultural and linguistic diversity and solidarity. The Francophonie is also international political institution and space for political, cultural and economic dialogue between different countries that share the same vision for the world, especially for the challenges created by the Globalization.

Besides the stimuli for nurturing of the historical tradition and presence of the French language in our country, Republic of Macedonia sees the membership to the Francophonie as a possibility to reaffirm the Macedonian identity, language, history and rich cultural heritage, as well as of all values of the modern Macedonian society – peace, democracy, tolerance and solidarity. These are the fundamental values of the Francophonie. In that line, Republic of Macedonia shall reinforce its activity in the future period. The French language is part of the history of Macedonia, and is inseparable part of its European future.

Through the National Commission on Francophonie, Republic of Macedonia each celebrates the Day of Francophonie, 20th March, with numerous activities and events.

Republic of Macedonia has deep cooperation with the Embassy of France in Skopje in this area. This cooperation results in activities for promotion of the Francophonie and implement programs for teaching French language to the employees in the public administration.

(*) About Francophonie

The term Francophonie was used for the first time in 1880 by the geographer Onesime Reclus. He used it in order to mark the geographical area where French language is used. In the beginning of XX century, the Francophonic intellectuals show awareness for existence of mutual linguistic space. In the second half of XX century, the Francophonie was institutionalized. In 1970 the International Agency of Francophonie was established.

On 20th March 1970 the international nucleus of the organization was established. Each year, 20th March is celebrated as the International Day of the Francophonie. Macedonia, as well as all the other Francophonic countries celebrate this day. Since then, we are speaking about two complementary realities:

  • Francophonie – referring to the speaker of the French language, fully or partially in their everyday communication;
  • Francophonie – referring to the community of the states and governments that share respectively use the French language.

In 2005 the Agency was transformed into an Organization of international character. It has 77 member states and observers that share the French language. The language of Moliere is used by 220 million people; hence the fact that French and English are the single two languages spoken on 5 continents.

French is ranked on the 6th place as the most widespread language within world frames, immediately after the Mandarin Chinese, English, Hindu, Spanish and Arabic. When it comes to the education system, the French is immediately following the English language because there are 120 million students and half million teachers beyond the French borders who speak and study in French.

The goals of the Organization are:

  • Promotion of French language, cultural and linguistic diversity;
  • Promotion of peace, democracy and human rights;
  • Support of education, direction to the high education, research;
  • Development of cooperation in service of the sustainable development and solidarity.

In that line:
Bamako Declaration established the mechanisms and procedures according to which one can act if the constitutional laws or human rights are violated in the countries of the Francophonie. The Bonifacio Declaration refers to prevention of the conflicts and human security.

Structure of the Organization:

  • High level gatherings or Francophonie Summit;
  • Ministerial Conference of the Francophonie;
  • Permanent Council of the Francophonie (commission on politics, economy, administrative and financial, cooperation and programming, other, ad-hoc commissions).

The Summits of the Francophonie take place once in two years. The last Summit of the Francophonie, 14th one, was held in Kinsasha, Democratic Republic of Congo (12th – 14th October 2012). The following Summit is scheduled for 2014 and shall take place in Senegal.

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