Europe

The relations of Republic of Macedonia with the European countries are constantly developing in the spirit of friendship, mutual understanding and trust, and lack of open or disputed issues. With most of them, the upward trend of development of cooperation at bilateral, regional and multilateral level continued.

2013 marked the 20th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between Republic of Macedonia and: Kingdom of Denmark, Republic of Finland, French Republic, German Federal Republic, Iceland, Republic of Italy, Kingdom of Netherlands, Kingdom of Norway, Poland, Kingdom of Sweden, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The anniversary was celebrated with appropriate official events.

  • United Kingdom
  • Germany
  • France
  • Spain
  • Hungary
  • Czech Republic
  • Poland
  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Netherlands
  • Sweden
United-Kingdom Republic of Macedonia and United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Macedonia

The bilateral relations between Republic of Macedonia and United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland have always been traditionally good without any open issues, and with a dynamic dialogue on governmental level, as well as deep and diverse inter-sector cooperation.

The diplomatic relations between Republic of Macedonia and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland were established on 16th December 1993, and on 23rd December 1993 the United Kingdom opened their Embassy to the Macedonia. First ambassadors of both countries were Toni Milson (23.12.1993) respectively Risto Nikovski (March 1994).

The continuous political and project support given by the United Kingdom to the Republic of Macedonia is especially significant to the improvement and the constant enhancement of the relations between these two countries. This support covers the European and Euro-Atlantic integration processes, and it contributes to the development of our country since the independence and until today.

The bilateral cooperation notes many results. The United Kingdom is among the countries with which Macedonia has the biggest scope of trade exchange. In 2013 UK was placed on 3rd place on the list of biggest trade partners. The United Kingdom had a share of 1,04% in the total scope of FDIs in the period 1997-2012.

There is a dynamic and deep inter-sector cooperation, especially in the areas of defence, interior affairs, culture, education and science, justice, local self-government, information society and administration.

Important facts for the bilateral relations and mutual visits:

- September 1995 - First agreement – Memorandum of Understanding for cooperation in defence; immediately upon the establishment of the diplomatic relations;
- June 1996 - Establishment of British-Macedonian Parliamentary Group;
- 26th – 30th January 1998 - First visit of a parliamentary delegation from the Assembly of the Republic of Macedonia to the United Kingdom;
- 3rd May 1999 - Visit of the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Toni Blair, to Macedonia;
- 11-14 July 2000- President of Republic of Macedonia, Boris Trajkovski, pays visit to the United Kingdom;
- 22nd – 24th November 2010 - Visit of the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Nikola Poposki, to the United Kingdom;
- 26th – 27th March 2012 Visit of the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Nikola Poposki, to the United Kingdom;
- 24th – 27th September 2013 - Visit of the Baroness D’Souza, Lord Speaker of the House of Lords in the British Parliament to the Republic of Macedonia
Germany Diplomatic Relations with German Federal Republic Macedonia

The bilateral relations between Republic of Macedonia and the German Federal Republic are characterized with intensive political dialogue and significant dynamics of the co-operation in all areas. The numerous visits on high and highest level, as well as the regular meetings between the parliaments of both countries also contribute to the good political relations.
Being a member-state of the European Union and propellant of the European unification, Germany is a significant partner in the process of European and Euro-Atlantic aspirations of Republic of Macedonia. Germany is giving support to Macedonia for fulfilment of the criteria and implementation of the reforms of the European agenda, required for accession to EU, through different regional projects. Germany is traditionally one of the most significant trade partners of Macedonia. It was the first trade partner in 2013 with a trade exchange of 1, 7 billion EUR and a share of 20, 5% in the overall trade exchange with Macedonia. In the overall influx of foreign direct investments in Macedonia for the period 1997-2013 Germany has a share of about 131 million EUR. In 2013 it was the third biggest investor in Macedonia.
Furthermore, Germany is also one of the leading donors within the frames of bilateral developmental co-operation that has been very successful since 1992 by awarding technical and financial aid in several areas and is intended for development of the Macedonian society.
The co-operation between the two countries is also successful in the area of culture and education through numerous scholarship programmes supported by Goethe Institute and DAAD Office in Skopje. A successful continuity of co-operation has been marked in the fields of defence, interior, justice and health.
More important facts on the bilateral relations and mutual visits:

- 8th April 1992 – German Federal Republic opens the first German mission to Skopje as a Consulate General;
- 6th-8th February 1992 – Prime Minister Nikola Kljusev pays visit to German Federal Republic and meets the German Minister on Foreign Affairs Hans-Dietrich Genscher;
- 16th December 1993 – Establishment of diplomatic relations between Republic of Macedonia and German Federal Republic. The German Consulate to Skopje was raised on level of an Embassy run by the first German Ambassador Hans-Lothar Steppan, PhD;
- 14th – 17th March 1994 – President of Republic of Macedonia, Kiro Gligorov, pays visit to German Federal Republic and meets the federal president Richard von Weizsäcker
- 24th – 25th July 1995, Speaker of German Parliament, prof. Rita Zismut visits Republic of Macedonia;
- September 1995, First bilateral political consultations between Ministries of Foreign Affairs of both countries held in Berlin;
- 16th – 21st 1996, First official visit of President of Assembly of Republic of Macedonia, Tito Petkovski, to German Federal Republic;
- 9th – 10th September 1996, first presidential visit of the federal president, Roman Herzog, PhD, to Republic of Macedonia. Agreement was signed for stimulation and mutual protection of investments;
- 9th – 11th April 1997 – Prime Minister Branko Crvenkovski pays visit to Federal German Republic and meets the federal chancellor Helmut Kohl, PhD; Agreement was signed for financial co-operation between the Governments of Republic of Macedonia and Federal German Republic;
- 16th October 1997 – Execution of an agreement for cultural co-operation between Republic of Macedonia and Federal German Republic;
- 23rd July 1999 – Federal Chancellor Gerhard Fritz Kurt Schröder pays visit to Republic of Macedonia;
- 12th – 14th January 2000 – President Boris Trajkovski visits Germany;
- 15th – 17th October 2006, Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski pays visit to Germany and meets the German Chancellor, Angela Merkel;
- 17th – 18th April 2008, President of Germany, Horst Keller, visits Macedonia and meets the President of Republic of Macedonia, Branko Crvenkovski;
- 13th – 17th September 2009 – President Gjorge Ivanov pays visit to Germany and meets the federal president, Horst Keller, PhD;
- 25th February 2010 – Foreign Minister Antonio Miloshoski visits Germany and meets Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle;
- 5th September 2011 – Foreign Minister Nikola Poposki pays visit to Germany and meets federal minister Guido Westerwelle;
- 13th – 15th February 2012 – Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski visits Germany and meets the Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel;
- 19th – 20th March 2012 – Foreign Minister Nikola Poposki visits Germany and meets the federal minister Guido Westerwelle;
- 22nd February 2013 – Federal Minister Guido Westerwelle pays visit to Macedonia;
- 23rd – 25th April 2013 – Foreign Minister Nikola Poposki visits Germany and meets the German Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle;
- 12th March 2014 – Foreign Minister Nikola Poposki pays visit to Germany and meets Foreign Minister of Germany, Frank-Walter Steinmeier
France Diplomatic Relations with French Republic Macedonia

The relations with the French Republic are being characterized with open and constructive dialogue, and continuous deepening of co-operation in many areas of mutual interest. In 2013 the political dialogue on highest level marked better intensity. The presidents Gjorge Ivanov and François Hollande, accompanied by the Foreign Ministers, Nikola Poposki and Laurent Fabius, met on the margins of the Regional Summit of the Western Balkan countries in Brdo, Kranj, Slovenia, in July 2013. The French side expressed full support of the realization of the strategic goals for integration of Macedonia into EU and NATO. A new stimulus was announced for the relations of France with all Balkan countries and full engagement and active support in the EU enlargement process, in order to reinforce the stability of the region through mutual co-operation, respect for the good-neighbourly relations and readiness for compromise in finding solutions for open issues.
Furthermore, Foreign Minister Nikola Poposki paid a working visit to Paris (25th November 2013) and met his host and colleague, Laurent Fabius. At the meeting they reiterated the interest in enhancing the overall relations between the two countries, as well as the support coming from the French side for European and Euro-Atlantic integration of Macedonia.
The deepening of the economic co-operation was the main focus during the visits of the President of Government, Nikola Gruevski, to Paris (3rd – 5th December 2013) and several other ministers. These visits served for economic promotion of Macedonia and presentation of the investing advantages. In 2013 the overall scope of trade exchange between Macedonia and France was 120, 2 million USD (1, 1% of the total exchange of Macedonia), out of which 25, 5 million USD are export from Macedonia, and 94, 6 million USD imports from France. In the period 1997-2013 the share of France in FDIs for Republic of Macedonia is 135 million EUR.
Both countries have dynamic co-operation in many other areas: the cultural co-operation dates since the opening of French Cultural Centre in Skopje in 1974 and is implemented pursuant to the Agreement for Co-operation in the Domain of Culture, education, science and technique (1998) and the Agreement for Co-operation between the Ministries of Culture (2010); the area of education and science through numerous scholarships; the internal affairs mark a dynamic co-operation especially after the execution of Agreement for Co-operation in the area of internal security (2006); the co-operation in the defence is continuous and based on the Agreement on Co-operation in the area of defence, Protocol regarding standardization of materials in the area of defence and Memorandum of Understanding European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company – EADS.
Regarding the social policy the co-operation has been ongoing through exchange of experiences, experts’ missions and study visits. In the area of health, the projects regarding the system on transfusion in Macedonia has been successfully implemented and activities have been initiated for co-operation in several university hospitals. Furthermore, there is a dynamic co-operation with the region of Lower Normandy that pursuant to the working programme for the period 2013-2016 is directed towards the following axis: new information technologies, youth, and census of cultural heritage, cultural policies, and development of agriculture, tourism and human rights.
Important facts of bilateral relations and mutual visits:

- 27th December 1993 – Establishment of diplomatic relations between Republic of Macedonia and French Republic;
- 9th May 1996 – President Kiro Gligorov visits France;
- 29th January 1998 – President of Government, Branko Crvenkovski, visits France;
- 9th February 1999 – President Kiro Gligorov pays visit to France;
- 28th February 1999 – President of France, Jacques Chirac, visits Macedonia and meets president Gligorov and President of Government, Ljubco Georgievski;
- 28th February – 3rd March 2001 – Working visit of President Boris Trajkovski to France; meetings with President Jacques Chirac, Prime Minister Jospen, as well as French Ministers of Foreign Affairs and Defence;
- 24th – 28th May 2001 – The President of the Group for French-Macedonian Friendship in the National Assembly of France, Filip Duron, paid visit to Macedonia and was hosted by the President of the Assembly, Stojan Andov;
- 26th – 27th June 2001 – Senator Robert Badinter paid visit to Macedonia in the role of an expert of Constitutional Role and with purpose of offering expert’s aid in the political dialogue under the patronage of President Boris Trajkovski;
- 10th March 2001 – French Minister of Foreign Affairs, Hubert Védrine, meets Foreign Minister Srdjan Kerim, and was hosted by President Trajkovski and President of the Government, Ljubco Georgievski;
- 1st August 2002, Foreign Minister Slobodan Chashule, pays visit to France;
- 20th December 2002 – Foreign Minister Ilinka Mitreva pays visit to France;
- 8th June 2003 – Prime Minister of France, Jean-Pierre Raffarin pays visit to Republic of Macedonia;
- 1st – 20th January 2004 – Prime Minister of Republic of Macedonia, Branko Crvenkovski, pays visit to France;
- 15th October 2004 – French Foreign Minister Michel Barnier visits Macedonia;
- 4th – 5th February 2008 – Foreign Minister Antonio Miloshoski pays visit to France;
- 5th May 2009 – President of Government, Nikola Gruevski, paid visit to France and met French President, Nicolas Sarkozy;
- July 2013 – President Gjorge Ivanov meets French President Francois Hollande during the Regional Summit of the Western Balkan Countries in Brdo, Kranj, Slovenia;
- 1st – 25th November 2013 – Foreign Minister Nikola Poposki pays working visit to France and meets his host Lorant Fabius.
Spain Diplomatic Relations with the Kingdom of Spain Macedonia

The diplomatic relations with the Kingdom of Spain reflect friendship and mutual readiness for their enhancement. The diplomatic relations were established on 28th July 1994. These two countries do not have open issues.
Spain pledges for the topic of enlargement of the European Union to stay in the focus of EU and nurtures favourable attitude regarding the European integration of Republic of Macedonia. Regarding our expectations for accession to NATO, the Kingdom of Spain supports the reform processes of Macedonia and pledges for our NATO integration.
The economic co-operation marks positive trend of development with active presence of Spanish companies in Macedonia in the following sectors: transport, infrastructure, textile, automobile industry etc. However, the overall trade potential has not been sufficiently used and concrete initiatives are being undertaken in that regard. The overall trade exchange with the Kingdom of Spain in 2013 was 84, 3 million EUR. The export structure is composed of Ferro nickel, hot and cold rolled metal products, textile industry products, etc., whereas the most imported products from Spain to Macedonia are the motor vehicles for transport of people, cattle, meat etc. The Spanish share of the total FDIs to Macedonia for the period 1997-2013 was about 410,000 EUR.
During the past and currently, both countries successfully implement several twinning projects and bilateral co-operation in several areas, such as defence, interior, justice, culture, tourism etc. The co-operation in the area of defence marks continuity and is an example for successful co-operation. The legal framework is encircled with the most significant bilateral agreement.
Important facts on bilateral relations and mutual visits:

- 28th July 1994 – Establishment of diplomatic relations between Republic of Macedonia and the Kingdom of Spain;
- 9th April 1999 – Foreign Minister Abel Matutes visits Macedonia;
- 2nd October 2000 – Bilateral political consultations in Madrid;
- 20th – 21st November 2000 – Foreign Minister Aleksandar Dimitrov pays visit to the Kingdom of Spain;
- 17th April 2002 – Foreign Minister Slobodan Chashule pays visit to Kingdom of Spain;
- 20th – 21st June 2005 – Foreign Minister Ilinka Mitreva pays visit to Kingdom of Spain;
- December 2006 – Kingdom of Spain opens an Embassy to Skopje;
- 9th – 12th September 2007 – Foreign Minister Antonio Miloshoski pays official visit to Kingdom of Spain;
- 1st March 2008 – Arrival of the first Resident Ambassador of Republic of Macedonia to the Kingdom of Spain, Metodija Belevski;
- 19th – 20th April 2010 – Foreign Minister of Spain, Miguel Angel Moratinos visits Macedonia in the role of Chairperson of European Council within EU;
- 12th June 2012 - Foreign Minister Nikola Poposki pays visit to Spain;
- 25th – 26th November 2013 – President of the Assembly of Republic of Macedonia, Trajko Veljanovski, pays visit to Spain;
- 23rd January 2014 – Deputy Prime Minister of Government of Republic of Macedonia, Fatmir Besimi, visits Spain.
Hungary Diplomatic Relations with Hungary 
Macedonia

The bilateral relations between Republic of Macedonia and Hungary are marked with friendship and high degree of mutual understanding, open political dialogue on all levels, and frequent visits on high and highest level.
The Hungarian official use of the constitutional name of Republic of Macedonia in the bilateral communication (10th December 2012) presented an additional step in line of enhancement of the excellent bilateral relations.
Hungary is one of the most active and loudest supporters of the European and the Euro-Atlantic integration of Republic of Macedonia. The administrations of both countries have established co-operation on EU affairs through the Declaration for Co-operation between the Foreign Ministries of Macedonia and Hungary in the accession process of Macedonia to EU, executed in April 2012.
Beside the continuous enhancement of the political relations, both countries undertake permanent efforts to improve the economic co-operation through regular meetings of the Joint Commission for economic co-operation established pursuant to the Agreement for economic co-operation executed in Skopje in 2012. Otherwise, the trade exchange between Macedonia and Hungary is not satisfactory. It is marked with low scope of exchange and continuous deficit on Macedonian side. The value of the exchange for the past few years (2011, 2012, and 2013) was never beyond 50 million EUR, and the deficit on our side is about 30 million EUR. In 2013 a scope of exchange was registered for 47, 9 million EUR (export 6, 2 million and import 41, 7 million EUR). In the overall income of FDIs in Macedonia for the period 1997-2012 the Hungarian share is 346, 43 million EUR (8, 25%).
Republic of Macedonia and Hungary have established successful institutional co-operation in several areas: environmental protection, education and science, culture, interior, justice and health.
Important facts on bilateral relations and mutual visits:

- 5th May 1993 – Establishment of an Association for Macedonian-Hungarian co-operation;
- 29th August 1994 – Establishment of diplomatic relations between Republic of Macedonia and Hungary;
- 9th September 1997 – First political consultations between representatives of Foreign Ministries of both countries;
- 29th – 30th June 1999 – Opening of Embassy of Hungary in Skopje;
- 10th – 11th May 2000 – Official visit of President of Government, Ljubcho Georgievski, to Hungary (first visit on level of Prime Ministers);
- February 2001 – Opening of Embassy of Republic of Macedonia to Budapest;
- 12th – 13th March 2001 – Foreign Minister of Hungary, János Martonyi, pays visit to Macedonia; 
- 19th – 20th November 2001 – President Boris Trajkovski pays official visit to Hungary (first presidential visit) during which the Declaration for friendly relations and co-operation was executed;
- 27th – 28th August 2003 – Ferenc Madl, President of Hungary, pays official visit to Macedonia;
- 11th – 12th September 2003 – Foreign Minister Ilinka Mitreva pays official visit to Hungary;
- 27th – 28th June 2005 – President of Government, Vlado Buchkovski, pays visit to Hungary; 
- 23rd November 2006 – Hungarian Prime Minister Ferenc Gyurcsány pays official visit to Macedonia;
- November 2007 – Foreign Minister Antonio Miloshoski pays visit to Hungary; 
- 25th – 26th February 2008 – President of Government, Nikola Gruevski, pays official visit to Hungary; 
- 26th – 28th November 2008 – President of Assembly of Republic of Macedonia, Trajko Veljanovski, pays official visit to Hungary;
- 10th – 12th December 2008 – Foreign Minister of Hungary, Peter Balash, pays official visit to Macedonia;
- 26th October 2010 – Foreign Minister Antonio Miloshoski pays official visit to Hungary;
- 11th – 12th April 2011 – President of Republic of Macedonia, Gjorge Ivanov, pays official visit to Hungary; 
- 12th May 2011 – Prime Minister of Hungary, Viktor Orban, pays official visit to Macedonia;
- 2nd – 3rd April 2012 – Foreign Minister of Hungary, Janos Martonyi, pays official visit to Macedonia;
- 17th – 19th October 2012 – President of Assembly of Hungary, László Kövér, on official visit to Macedonia;
- 14th November 2012 – Official visit of President of Government of Republic of Macedonia, Nikola Gruevski, pays official visit to Hungary;
- 5th December 2013 – President of Government of Hungary, Viktor Orban, paid official visit to Macedonia. On this occasion he was awarded with the order “8 Septemvri” by the president Gjorge Ivanov.
Czech-Republic Diplomatic Relations with Czech Republic Macedonia

The relations between Republic of Macedonia and the Czech Republic are marked with friendship and understanding, as well as strong efforts, on both side, for their further enhancement and deepening. Upon the opening of the Czech Embassy in Skopje on 1st September 2006 and the Macedonian Embassy in Prague on 18th January 2008, the co-operation in several areas achieved certain dynamic, and it was followed by exchange of visits on high and highest level. A confirmation for the upward trend of the mutual relations was the decision of the Czech Republic adopted on 12th February 2013 for official use of the constitutional name of Republic of Macedonia in the bilateral communication. This year (2014) we mark 20 years of establishment of diplomatic relations between these two countries.
The Czech Republic is among the active countries – supporters of the Euro-Atlantic aspirations of Macedonia with a positive attitude for commencement of negotiations with EU pursuant to the proposals and recommendations issued by the European Commission. The Czech Republic is giving open and continuous support for Macedonia to become a NATO member, and it stands on the view that Macedonia has fulfilled the criteria to receive invitation for membership in the Alliance. It also gives high marks on the implemented reforms. The economic co-operation in the past few years has been marking a small increase and its growth is expected. The trade exchange in 2013 was 89, 73 million EUR and has been increasing continuously since 2010 although the negative balance in the trade exchange is about 47 million EUR. The automobile parts and vine are the two most important Macedonian exporting goods on the Czech market.
The direct investments from the Czech Republic for the period 1997 – 2013 are about 2, 9 million EUR.
Both sides show interest and efforts for constant development of co-operation in the area of defence, interior, university education, agriculture, culture. This year several cultural events will be held in Macedonia and Czech Republic in function of marking 20th anniversary of establishment of diplomatic relations and mutual visits:

- 2nd March 1994 – Establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries;
- 21st June 1999 – First visit on highest level, Kiro Gligorov visits the Czech Republic at the invitation of the President of the Czech Republic, Václav Klaus,
- 16th – 17th March 2004 – First visit on level of Prime Ministers, Czech Prime Minister Vladimír Špidla pays visit to Republic of Macedonia;
- 4th October 2004 – First Official Visit of the Foreign Minister Ilinka Mitreva to Czech Republic;
- 9th – 30th April 2007 – President of Government Nikola Gruevski pays visit to the Czech Republic, accompanied by deputy Prime Minister, Zoran Stavrevski and Foreign Minister, Antonio Miloshoski;
- 24th – 26th May 2007 – President Branko Crvenkovski participates at the Presidential Summit on Central Europe in Brno;
- 10th – 11th March 2009 – Prime Minister of Czech Republic, Mirek Topolanek, pays visit to Macedonia;
- 8th – 10th February 2010 – President of Government of Republic of Macedonia, Nikola Gruevski, pays official visit to the Czech Republic;
- 8th – 10th February 2011 – Return visit of the President Gjorge Ivanov to the Czech Republic;
- 17th – 18th April 2012 – Return visit of the Prime Minister Petr Nechas to Macedonia;
- 26th – 28th February 2014 – President Gjorge Ivanov pays official visit to the Czech Republic.
Poland Diplomatic Relations with Republic of Poland Macedonia

The relations between Republic of Macedonia and Republic of Poland can be assessed as friendly, without any open issues and multiannual tendency of qualitative rise, mostly on political plan, with mutual interest in improvement of the economic and overall bilateral co-operation. A confirmation for the upper trend of mutual relations was the decision adopted by the Polish Government during the summer 2005 for use of the constitutional name of our country in the bilateral communication.
Poland is consistent in its efforts for continuation of the enlargement processes of NATO and EU. It is an active and voiced supporter of Macedonia and its commencement of accession negotiations with EU. On institutional level, the support is being materialized through the so-called “Skopje Conference” established in 2009. It is a platform for administrative co-operation and transmission of the Polish experiences towards the accession process. Until now, four meetings have been held of the Skopje Conference (two in Skopje and two in Warsaw), and the following, fifth meeting is planned to take place in September 2014 in Macedonia.
The economic co-operation in the past years is not matching the economic potential of the countries. The trade exchange is characterized with relatively small scope and chronic deficit on our side. The overall trade exchange in 2013 reached 90, 6 million EUR (export – 14, 2 million EUR, import 76, 4 million EUR). Almost an identical scope of exchange was marked in 2012. In Poland we mostly export automobile parts, electric tankless i.e. instantaneous heaters and accumulative heaters, vegetables, fruits and Ferro-Silicon, and we import flat rolled iron and steel products, beef meat, bathroom products and cosmetics. For the FDIs in the period 1997-2013 Poland had a share of 9 million EUR.
Both parties show interest and efforts for constant development of the co-operation in the areas of economy, defence, interior, university education and culture.
Important facts for bilateral relations and mutual visits:

- 17th June 1992 – Minister of Foreign relations of Republic of Macedonia, Denko Maleski, visits Poland;
- 30th December 1993 – Establishment of diplomatic relations between Republic of Macedonia and Republic of Poland;
- 25th January 1995 – President Kiro Gligorov meets President of Poland, Lech Wałęsa, on the occasion of 50th Anniversary of liberation of the Concentration Camp Auschwitz;
- 20th March 1996 – Foreign Minister Ljubomir Frchkovski pays official visit to Poland;
- 28th – 29th November 1996 – Polish Foreign Minister D. Rosati, pays official visit to Republic of Macedonia;
- 28th – 30th October 1997 – President Kiro Gligorov pays official visit to Poland, accompanied by economic delegation;
- 2nd – 3rd October 1997 – Aleksander Kwaśniewski, President of Poland, pays official visit to Macedonia;
- 9th – 10th May 2007 – President Branko Crvenkovski pays official visit to Poland;
- 18th November 2009 – Working visit of the Foreign Minister Antonio Miloshoski to Poland;
- 8th November 2010 – Polish Foreign Minister, Radosław  Sikorski, to a working visit of Macedonia (Skopje Conference begins its work);
- 10th – 11th September 2013 –President of Poland, Bronisław Komorowski, pays official visit to Macedonia. On that occasion he was awarded with the order “8 Septemvri” by the President Gjorge Ivanov.
Austria Diplomatic Relations with Austria Macedonia

The bilateral relations between Republic of Macedonia and Republic of Austria are marked with continuous and dynamic dialogue on high and highest level and with shared initiatives for intensifying the co-operation in several areas. This year we mark 20 years of establishment of diplomatic relations (23rd December 1994).
Austria is leading the EU group of countries that are voiced and active supporters of the commencement of negotiations talks between EU and Macedonia. It also puts its efforts into leading the accession talks with EU and discussion for overcoming of the naming dispute with Greece under the auspices of UN and it considers that the dispute should not be an obstacle to the commencement of negotiation talks.
Republic of Austria is the second investor in Macedonia (preceded by Netherlands) with an amount of 485 million EUR. The Austrian firms are active in our country mostly in the service sector (advertisement, insurance, consulting, leasing, logistics/transportation, IT, energy, banks, and telecommunications). Since 2006 there is a Macedonian-Austrian business association (MABA), a non-profit business association composed of renowned companies, organizations and individuals. The trade exchange in 2013 reached about 200 million ERU (and has been increasing continuously since 2007). The deficit is always on our side. Main exporting products: textiles, pipes, silicon, Ferro-Silicon-Manganese, Ferro-Silicon, rolled iron and steel products. The main importing products are: meat, food, synthetic fibre, alternating current generators, special purpose vehicles, etc.
Macedonia and Austria show interest in permanent development of economic co-operation, as well as co-operation in the area of defence, interior, education and culture.
Important facts on the bilateral relations and mutual visits:

- 23rd December 1994 – Establishment of diplomatic relations between Republic of Macedonia and Republic of Austria;
- 1995 – Opening of Embassy of Republic of Macedonia in Wien;
- August 1997 – Opening of Embassy of Republic of Austria in Skopje;
- 14th – 17th June 1993 – President of Republic of Macedonia, Kiro Gligorov, and the Deputy Prime Minister of Government and Minister of Foreign Relations, Stevo Crvenkovski, pay visit to Austria;
- 9th – 11th May 1997 – the President of the National Council of Republic of Austria, Heinz Fischer pays official visit to Republic of Macedonia;  
- 26th November 1997 – Official visit of the Federal Vice-Chancellor and Foreign Minister of Austria, Wolfgang Schüssel to Republic of Macedonia;
- 2nd – 3rd March 1998 – Official visit of the President of Assembly of Republic of Macedonia, Tito Petkovski, to Republic of Austria;
- 29th April 1999 – Federal Chancellor of Republic of Austria, Viktor Klima, pays visit to Republic of Macedonia;
- 13th March 2000 – Foreign Minister of Republic of Austria, Benita Ferrero-Waldner pays visit to Republic of Macedonia;
- 27th – 29th March 2001 – Foreign Minister of Republic of Macedonia, Srdjan Kerim, pays official visit to Republic of Austria;
- 11th April 2002 – Federal President of Republic of Austria, Thomas Klestil, pays visit to republic of Macedonia;
- 27th October 2004 – President of Government of Republic of Macedonia, Hari Kostov, pays visit to Republic of Austria (first official visit);
- 26th – 27th September 2005 – President of Republic of Macedonia, Branko Crvenkovski, pays official visit to Republic of Austria;
- 6th – 7th November 2006 – President of Government of Republic of Macedonia, Nikola Gruevski, at the Vienna Economic Forum;
- 12th – 13th July 2007 – President of Republic of Austria, Heinz Fischer, pays official visit to Republic of Macedonia;
- 22nd January 2010 – Minister on Foreign and European Affairs of Republic of Austria, Michael Spindelegger, pays visit to Republic of Macedonia, together with the Slovak Foreign Minister, Miroslav Lajchak;
- 15th – 16th June 2013 – Foreign Minister of Republic of Macedonia, Nikola Poposki, at 18th Economic Forum Wachau;
- 18th February 2014 – Working visit of President of Government of Republic of Macedonia, Nikola Gruevski, to Republic of Austria;
Belgium Diplomatic Relations with the Kingdom of Belgium Macedonia

The bilateral relations between these two countries are marked with friendship, stable political dialogue on high and highest level, lack of open issues and mutually expressed readiness for continuous improvement of the mutual co-operation.
Belgium supports the Macedonian aspirations for European and Euro-Atlantic integration. It believes that Macedonia fulfilled the criteria for commencement of accession negotiations with EU, as well as the criteria required for NATO membership and it is convinced that they should start as soon as possible.
The economic co-operation with Belgium is increasing. The trade exchange is rising: in 2013 it was 87, 1 million EUR, and this presents an increase of 51% compared to 2012. The export from Macedonia has been increased by 61, 4% and the import from Belgium has been increased by 40, 2%. The Belgium share in the overall scope of trade exchange of Macedonia is 1%. The most significant Belgium direct investment is the truck producer Van Hool.
The enhanced co-operation is well in many other areas. A co-operation has been initiated in the area of health in co-operation with the Clinical University Leuven and the hospital in Brussels “Edith Cavell”. The cultural co-operation is on base of direct invitations between associations, institutions and individuals. The dynamic sector co-operation is developing in the area of defence, interior, labour and social policy, environmental protection and water management by taking up the Belgium model.
Important facts on bilateral relations and mutual visits:

- 23rd February 1994 – Establishment of diplomatic relations through exchange of letters between Foreign Ministers;
- 24th February 1994 – the previous Representative Office of Republic of Macedonia in Brussels started operating as an Embassy;
- 14th July 1994 – First Ambassador of Republic of Macedonia to the Kingdom of Belgium, J. Tegovski presented the letter of credence before King Albert II;
- 9th – 10th September 1998 – Foreign Minister of Belgium, Eric Der Beek, pays visit to Republic of Macedonia;
- 11th October 2000 – H.R.H. King of Belgium, Albert II, pays visit to Republic of Macedonia, accompanied by the Minister of Defence of Belgium, André Flahaut. Beside the visit of the Belgian soldiers in KFOR to Kumanovo, they also met the President Boris Trajkovski;
- 7th December 2000 – President Boris Trajkovski pays visit to the Kingdom of Belgium and meets Belgian King, Albert II;
- 14th February 2002 – President of Chamber of Representatives of the Kingdom of Belgium, Herman de Croo, pays visit to Republic of Macedonia and meets Foreign Minister Slobodan Chashule and other officials in the Macedonian Assembly;
- 6th May 2002 – Prime Minister of Kingdom of Belgium, Guy Verhofstadt, pays visit to Republic of Macedonia;
- 13th February 2007 – President of Government, Nikola Gruevski, meets the Minister and President of Flemish Government, Yves Leterme, while Foreign Minister Antonio Miloshoski meets MFA of Belgium, Karel De Gucht, in Brussels;
- 14th May 2009 – President Gjorge Ivanov pays visit to the Kingdom of Belgium; meets King of Belgium, Albert II, as well as the President of the Senate of the Kingdom of Belgium, Armande De Decker;
- 8th March 2010 – Prime Minister of Belgium, Yves Leterme, pays visit to Republic of Macedonia and meets President of Government, Nikola Gruevski;
- 11th May 2012 – Foreign Minister Nikola Poposki visits Kingdom of Belgium and meets: Prime Minister and Foreign Minister of Belgium, Didier Reynerds, president of Committees on Foreign Affairs of the Congress, Karl Vanlouwe, and of the Senate, Francois François-Xavier de Donnea of the Belgium Parliament.
Netherlands Diplomatic Relations with the Kingdom of Netherlands Macedonia

The bilateral relations between Republic of Macedonia and the Kingdom of Netherlands have been traditionally good and marked with stable political dialogue on governmental level and without open issues in the communication.
The Kingdom of Netherlands is our biggest bilateral donor coming from EU, a traditional partner and a principled supporter of the Macedonian efforts for EU and NATO membership led by the aspect of importance for respect of the international law.
Netherlands supports the recommendations issued by the European Commission for opening of accession negotiations. Led by the principle “strict, but fair” regarding the enlargement process of EU, to Netherlands it is important for Macedonia to continue delivering measurable results in the reforms and to build credible track record regarding the application of laws, especially in the domain of rule of law and fundamental freedom.
Netherlands is the first investor in Republic of Macedonia and is our significant trade partner. In the past ten years, the average annual share of Netherlands in the overall trade exchange of Macedonia is 1, 7%. In the period 2010-2012 Republic of Macedonia marks a surplus whereas in 2013 it had deficit in the trade exchange. In the overall inflow of FDIs in Macedonia for the period 1997-2012, Netherlands has a share of 783 million EUR (20, 9%). Successful examples of Dutch investments in Republic of Macedonia are FENI, Bitolska mlekara/Danube Foods Group etc. The owners of Dutch companies in Republic of Macedonia established the foundation NL Chamber with purpose of establishment and financing the Macedonian-Dutch Economic Chamber.
Within the frames of the World Bank Macedonia is under the constituency of the Netherlands. The developing co-operation is within the frames of MATRA and is focused on the rule of law, especially justice and interior.
Important facts on bilateral relations and mutual visits:

- 16th December 1993 – Establishment of diplomatic through exchange of Verbal Notes between the two Foreign Ministries;
- 2nd September 1996 – Decision for opening an Embassy of Republic of Macedonia to the Kingdom of Netherlands, resident in the Hague;
- March, 1998 – Opening of an Embassy of the Kingdom of Netherlands to Republic of Macedonia, resident in Skopje;
- 25th – 26th May 1999 – President of the Government of Kingdom of Netherlands, Wim Kok, pays visit to Macedonia;
- 12th December 2001 – Foreign Minister of Kingdom of Netherlands, Jozias van Aartsen, pays visit to Republic of Macedonia;
- 11th November 2002 – Foreign Minister of the Kingdom of Netherlands, Jakob Gijsbert de Hoop Scheffer, visits Macedonia;
- 14th September 2006 – Nikola Gruevski, President of Government of Republic of Macedonia, pays visit to the Kingdom of Netherlands;
- 11th September 2008 – Minister of European Affairs of the Kingdom of Netherlands, pays visit to Republic of Macedonia;
- 23rd March 2011 – Foreign Minister Antonio Miloshoski pays visit to the Kingdom of Netherlands;
- 8th July 2013 – Delegation of Committee on European Affairs of the Dutch Parliament pays visit to Republic of Macedonia;
Sweden Diplomatic Relations with Kingdom of Sweden Macedonia

The bilateral relations between Republic of Macedonia and the Kingdom of Sweden are marked with continuous dialogue on governmental level and mutual initiatives for intensive co-operation in several areas.
The Kingdom of Sweden is one of the most active supporters of Republic of Macedonia in the efforts for full-fledged EU membership, with a positive attitude for commencement of the accession negotiations pursuant to the proposals and recommendations issued by the European Commission. Through the Swedish Agency for Development Aid (SIDA) numerous projects have been realized to support the reform processes in Macedonia. The Kingdom of Sweden supports the Euro-Atlantic aspirations of Republic of Macedonia, and the co-operation is being developed within the frames of the Partnership for Peace.
There is a continuous and enhanced sector co-operation, especially in the areas of defence, interior, culture, education and science.
Important facts on bilateral relations and mutual visits:

- 20th December 1993 – Establishment of diplomatic relations between Republic of Macedonia and the Kingdom of Sweden;
- 29th – 30th May 1996 – President Kiro Gligorov visits the Kingdom of Sweden;
- 24th August 1997 – King of Sweden, Karl XVI Gustaf, visits the Swedish soldiers in the Nordic Battalion of UNPREDEP and meets the President Kiro Gligorov;
- December 2003 – Foreign Minister Ilinka Mitreva on a working visit to the Kingdom of Sweden;
- 12th October 2004 – Foreign Minister Laila Freivalds on a working visit to Republic of Macedonia;
- 1st – 3rd December 2004 – Foreign Minister Ilinka Mitreva returns the working visit to the Kingdom of Sweden and meets Foreign Minister Laila Freivalds;
- 19th – 21st December 2005 – President of Government of Republic of Macedonia, Vlado Buchkovski, pays visit to the Kingdom of Sweden and meets Swedish Prime Minister, Göran Persson;
- 4th May 2007 – President of Swedish Parliament, Per Westerberg, pays official visit to Republic of Macedonia;
- June 2007 – Foreign Minister Carl Bildt led the delegation of the Kingdom of Sweden to the Security Forum NATO/EAPS in Ohrid. He met the president of the Government of Republic of Macedonia, Nikola Gruevski;
- 27th – 28th October 2008 – Cecilia Malström, Minister on EU affairs of Sweden pays visit to Republic of Macedonia and meets Deputy Prime Minister of Republic of Macedonia Ivica Bocevski and Foreign Minister, Antonio Miloshoski;
- 30th – 31st October 2011 – Vice President of Government of Republic of Macedonia, Teuta Arifi, pays visit to the Kingdom of Sweden;
- 4th June 2012 – President of Government of Republic of Macedonia, Nikola Gruevski, during the Road-Show met the Prime Minister of Sweden, Fredrik Reinfeldt, in Stockholm;
- 2nd December 2012 – Working visit of the Foreign Minister, Nikola Poposki, to the Kingdom of Sweden; meeting with Foreign Minister of Kingdom of Sweden, Karl Bildt;
- 7th – 11th February 2013 – Minister of Interior, Gordana Jankulovska, visits Kingdom of Sweden and meets the Minister of Immigration and Asylum.