Non-European Countries

The political directorate for bilateral relations with non-European countries covers most of the countries in the world and is composed of: Department for America, East Asia and Pacific, and Department for South Asia, Middle East and Africa. The directorate is in charge of establishment of foreign policy of the Government of the Republic of Macedonia in the domain of establishment, maintenance, and improvement of the bilateral political dialogue, as well as the overall diplomatic cooperation with the states in these regions regarding domains of priority of mutual interest. This includes improvement of the contractual conditions and visa regimes with certain countries.

Pursuant to the stipulated objectives of the foreign policy, Republic of Macedonia has solid progress and marks excellent relations and intensive cooperation with a large number of the non-European countries, especially with USA, Russia, China and Japan. The traditional friendship and support of these countries is improved with active political and economic partnership and numerous initiatives, on both bilateral and multilateral level. The dynamic and development of the cooperation between Republic of Macedonia with USA, Canada and Australia is highly influenced by the role of the Macedonian immigrants.

Special attention is being paid to the enhancement of the relations with the countries from Asia, as well as the overall cooperation with the countries in the region of Latin America, on both bilateral and multilateral level. In that line, the opening of the first Macedonian diplomatic-consular mission to the region of South America is planned for near future.

  • USA
  • Canada
  • PR China
  • Japan
  • Australia
  • Russian Federation
  • Ukraine
  • Kazakhstan
  • Azerbaijan
  • India
  • Israel
  • Jordan
  • Qatar
  • Kuwait
  • UAE
  • Iran
  • Syria
  • Egypt
  • Morocco
United-States Diplomatic relations with United States of America Macedonia

Republic of Macedonia and United States of America established diplomatic relations on 13th September 1995 whereas USA acknowledged the constitutional name of our country on 4th November 2004.
United States of America opened a Liaison Office in Skopje which was transformed into an Embassy in March 1996 whereas the Liaison Office of Republic of Macedonia in Washington was opened in May 1994 and was transformed into an Embassy in September 1995. Current Ambassador of Republic of Macedonia to Washington is Mr. Vasko Naumovski (since 18th November 2014) while the Ambassador of USA to Skopje is Mr. Jess L. Baily (since 12th February 2015). Beside the Embassy of Republic of Macedonia in Washington, there are three Consulates General in New York, Chicago and Detroit.
The Government of Republic of Macedonia views the relations with USA as extremely important due to the strategic partnership and this was confirmed with the execution of a bilateral Declaration for strategic partnership and cooperation between the two countries in May 2008.
The bilateral cooperation between the two friendly states is characterized with an open and continuous political dialogue, as well as the fruitful cooperation in several significant domains such as defence, economy, culture, education, science and health.
The Macedonian Diaspora plays an important role in the overall relations in the overall relations between Republic of Macedonia and the United States of America, both from aspect of enhancement of the relations between our countries and by providing support for important issues in the interest of our country. The Diaspora in the USA pays special attention and piety to the national identity, tradition, culture and language; furthermore, the numerous activities contribute to the appropriate affirmation of Republic of Macedonia in the American society.
The large Macedonian Diaspora in USA is mainly located in the surroundings of Detroit and New York – New Jersey, Chicago, Crown Point (Indiana), Columbus (Ohio), as well as Akron, Maslon, Lorraine, Syracuse, Rochester and Buffalo.

The Diaspora, although not so numerous, is also present in Florida, California, Arizona and others. The biggest concentration of the Albanian Diaspora, for which we believe comes from Republic of Macedonia, is situated in New York, New Jersey, Chicago and Milwaukee.
The solid political dialogue includes exchange of visits on high and highest level in the past few years, including the following:

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June 1997 – President Kiro Gligorov. Meetings with President Bill Clinton and Secretary of State, Madeleine Albright;  

- June-July 1998 – President of the Government of Republic of Macedonia, Branko Crvenkovski, pays visit to Washington. Meetings with Vice-President Al Gore and Secretary of Defence, William Cohen;
- May 1999, Hilary Clinton, spouse of President Bill Clinton, pays visit to Macedonia. Meetings with President Kiro Gligorov and the President of the Government, Ljupcho Georgievski;
- June 1999, US President Bill Clinton pays visit. Meeting with President Kiro Gligorov;
- May 2001, President of Republic of Macedonia, Boris Trajkovski, pays visit to USA. Meeting with President George W. Bush and Secretary of State, Colin Powell;
- October 2005, President of the Government of Republic of Macedonia, Vlado Buchkovski, Foreign Minister Ilinka Mitreva and Minister of Economy Fatmir Besimi visit Washington. Meetings with President George Bush, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, Defence Secretary, Donald Rumsfeld and Senators Richard Lugar, John McCain, George Voinovich and Chuck Hagel;
- July 2007, Foreign Minister Antonijo Miloshoski pays visit to Washington. Meetings with Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and representatives of the White House, the Senate, House of Representatives and the Diaspora;
- February 2011, President of Government of Republic of Macedonia and Foreign Minister Antonijo Miloshoski pay visit to Washington. Meeting with US Vice President Joseph Biden.
- February 2012, Foreign Minister Nikola pays working visit to Washington.
Canada Diplomatic relations with Canada Macedonia

The diplomatic relations between Republic of Macedonia and Canada were established on 4th July 1996 (name reference included). On 4th June 1997 the Embassy of Republic of Macedonia to Canada was opened in Ottawa. Incumbent ambassador was Jordan Veselinov. In 1998 he became the first ambassador of Republic of Macedonia to Canada.

Republic of Macedonia pays special attention to the successful development and further improvement of the overall relations with friendly Canada, on both bilateral and multilateral plan. The bilateral relations mark upward development and tendency.

On 18th September 2007 Canada adopted the decision for recognizing and use of the constitutional name of Republic of Macedonia in the bilateral communication. This also reflected execution of bilateral agreements between these two countries.

Both countries have economic cooperation that is constantly rising. Republic of Macedonia imports meat from Canada, and exports textile. There is an intensive cultural cooperation with visits and exchange of numerous artists in the area of music, movies, theatre, art and literature.

There is a large Macedonian community in Canada. It is very important to underline the significant role that the Macedonian immigration community plays in Canada. This presents a bridge between the two countries, as well a source for increase of the trade and direct foreign investments in the Republic of Macedonia.
The relations of these two countries are friendly. This can be confirmed with the visits on high and highest level among which:

- Working visit of MFA of Republic of Macedonia, Antonio Miloshoski, to Canada, 10th – 12th February 2008;
- Visit of the Speaker of the House of Representatives in the Parliament of Canada, Peter Miliken, to Republic of Macedonia, 19th – 21st April, 2008;
- Working visit of the President of the Government of Republic of Macedonia, N. Gruevski, to Canada, 25th – 29th August, 2009;
- Official visit of the Parliamentary Speaker of Republic of Macedonia, Trajko Veljanovski, to Canada, 1st – 7th November, 2010;
- Visit of President of Republic of Macedonia, Gj. Ivanov, to Toronto, Hamilton, Markam and Ottawa, 18th – 24th April 2013;
- Official visit of the Speaker in the Senate of the Canadian Parliament, Noel Kinsela, to Republic of Macedonia, 4th – 7th September, 2013.
China Diplomatic relations with PR China Macedonia

The relations between Republic of Macedonia and People’s Republic of China are developing in the spirit of friendship, mutual understanding and respect for the sovereignty, territorial integrity and equality of these two countries.

Republic of Macedonia and People’s Republic of China established diplomatic relations on 12th October 1993 on ambassadorial level. On 18 July 1994, the first ambassador of Republic of Macedonia to Beijing, H.E. Vladimir Petkovski, submitted the credentials to the Chinese president, H.E. Jiang Zemin.

The political relations mark upward trend especially regarding the intensive exchange of visits on high and highest level in the past few years, among which:

- Working visit of the president of Republic of Macedonia, Gjorge Ivanov, PhD, to PR China, in October 2013. Also, he had a meeting with the President of PR China, Xi Jinping;
- Working visit of president of the Government of Republic of Macedonia, Nikola Gruevski, to China in May 2012, where he had a meeting with the Prime Minister of PR China, Wen Jiabao;
- Working visit of president of the Government of Republic of Macedonia, Nikola Gruevski, to China in June-July 2013, where meetings were held with president of PR China, Xi Jinping and prime minister of PR China, Li Keqiang.

Republic of Macedonia and PR China have well developed bilateral economic and cultural relations. At present, these relations are on the highest possible level. PR China established a credit fund of 10 billion US Dollars for the countries of Central and Eastern Europe (Warsaw Initiative, April 2012) for infrastructural project. Macedonia was the first country to sign a concrete agreement for use of part of the funds that will be aimed at construction of two new roads: Miladinovci-Shtip and Kichevo-Ohrid. These roads are worth 580 million EUR.

The good bilateral contractual situation is a precondition for establishment and widening of the overall bilateral cooperation. In that line, Republic of Macedonia and PR China have executed several agreements, among which:

- Agreement between the Government of Republic of Macedonia and Government of PR of China to avoid double taxation and to enable protection of fiscal evasion for the income tax and tax on profit (9th June 1997);
- Agreement between the Government of Republic of Macedonia and Government of PR of China to stimulate and protect the investments (9th June 1997);
- Agreement for cooperation in the field of health and medicine between the Government of Republic of Macedonia and Government of PR of China (27th April 2002).
Japan Diplomatic relations with Japan Macedonia

Republic of Macedonia and Japan have traditionally good and friendly bilateral relations. In 2014 these two countries shall celebrate the 20th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations (established on 1st March 1994).

The positive trend in the development of the overall bilateral relations contributed to the appointment of the first Macedonian resident extraordinary and plenipotentiary Ambassador to Japan, Andrijana Cvetkovikj, PhD. This appointment comes exactly in the jubilant 2014. The resident Embassy of Republic of Macedonia to Tokyo was opened on 21st May 2013. This act contributed to qualitative and significant widening of the existing cooperation, as well establishment of new cooperation in several areas of mutual interest.

The political bilateral relations mark a continuous upward trend especially after the intensive exchange of visits on high and highest level in the past few years among which:

- President of Republic of Macedonia, Mr. Boris Trajkovski, visited Japan in October 2003;
- Minister of Foreign Affairs of Republic of Macedonia, Ilinka Mitreva, visited Japan in July 2003;
- Antonio Miloshoski, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Republic of Macedonia, visited Japan in April 2011;
- Working visit of the President of the Government of Republic of Macedonia, Nikola Gruevski to Japan (first visit on level of prime minister) in November – December 2011;
- Visit of the parliamentary deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of Republic of Macedonia on 1st April 2013;
- Visit of the parliamentary deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs Takano Makino to Republic of Macedonia in February 2014.

The continuous support and development aid that Japan gives to Republic of Macedonia has enabled Republic of Macedonia to make significant improvements in many vital areas in the past few years.

Australia Diplomatic relations with Australia Macedonia

Republic of Macedonia and Australia established diplomatic relations on 20th October 1995.

Despite the geographic distance, Republic of Macedonia attached great importance to the improvement of the overall bilateral relations to Australia. On 16th June 2003, Republic of Macedonia opened its first embassy in Canberra. On 28th October, H.E. Mr. Viktor Gaber submitted the credentials as the first extraordinary and plenipotentiary Ambassador of Republic of Macedonia to the Australian Community.

Macedonia and Australia are connected through the large Macedonian Diaspora. Being the fifth largest non-Asian Diaspora in Australia, the Macedonian Diaspora is a significant and active part of the Australian society. The Diaspora is the bridge between our two distant countries, but it is also a door for development of the relations and accomplishment of the strategic pledges towards Australia. Therefore, Republic of Macedonia pays attention to the deepening of the high level dialogue by exchanging visits and meetings. Priority is placed not only to the deepening of good and neighbourly bilateral political relations, but also to the economic ones which give potential for cooperation.

A significant step towards the accomplishment of these efforts was the execution of the agreement between the Government of Republic of Macedonia and the Government of Australia for social insurance. The agreement was signed in October 2009 during the official visit of the president of the Government of Republic of Macedonia, Mr. Nikola Gruevski, to Australia.

The parliamentary cooperation between the two countries is very satisfactory. There are groups for cooperation in both parliaments. These groups work on further deepening of the relations and cooperation. The visit of the president of the Assembly of Republic of Macedonia, Trajko Veljanovski, to Australia, together with a parliamentary delegation in February 2012 gave an important impulse to the cooperation.

Since September 2013 Ambassador of Republic of Macedonia to Australia is H.E. Mr. Vele Trpevski whereas Australian Ambassador to Republic of Macedonia, resident in Belgrade, since March 2014 is H.E. Mrs. Julian Finnie.

 

Russia Diplomatic relations with Russian Federation  Macedonia

The relations between Republic of Macedonia and the Russian Federation have positive upward trend. Special emphasis is placed on the dynamic and continuous political dialogue on all levels, as well as the developed economic cooperation in the energy.

Diplomatic relations were established on 31st January 1994. On 19th October 1994 the fist Ambassador of Republic of Macedonia to Moscow, H.E. Mr. Gane Todorovski, submitted the credentials to the Russian President, Boris Yeltsin.

In that regard, the continuous efforts for building a high level political dialogue are especially characteristic for the bilateral relations. This is reflected in the exchange of visits among which:

- Working visit of the president of Republic of Macedonia, Gjorge Ivanov PhD, to the Russian Federation, February 2014;
- Visit of the president of Government of Republic of Macedonia, Nikola Gruevski, to the Russian Federation, July 2013;
- Visit of the minister of foreign affairs of Republic of Macedonia, Nikola Poposki, to the Russian Federation, in January 2013;

Republic of Macedonia is especially interested in improvement of the economic cooperation, trade exchange and attraction of direct Russian investments. In that line, the 7th Session of the Joint Inter-Governmental Commission for Trade and Economy that took place in October 2013 in Skopje created positive impulse.

The normative and legal framework between these two countries is very fruitful. The following documents are one of the most significant:

- Declaration on friendly relations and cooperation between Republic of Macedonia and the Russian Federation (signed in Moscow on 27th January 1998);
- Agreement between the Government of Republic of Macedonia and the Government of the Russian Federation regulating the obligations of former USSR towards Republic of Macedonia resulting from the calculations for the exchange of goods between former USSR and former SFRY;
- Agreement for creating conditions for work of the cultural and information centres in Moscow and Skopje (January 2013);
- Agreement for cooperation in the construction of the gas-pipeline for delivery of Russian gas to Republic of Macedonia (July 2013);
- Agreement for mutual acknowledgement of diplomas and titles (June 2012).
Ukraine Diplomatic relations with Ukraine 
Macedonia

Since their establishment, the relations between Republic of Macedonia and Ukraine are characterized with a spirit of friendship, trust, cooperation in numerous areas of mutual interest, and lack of open or disputed issues. The diplomatic relations were established on 20th April 1995 whereas in 1997 the first Ambassador of Republic of Macedonia to Kiev, Vlado Blazhevski, submitted the credentials.

The basic feature of the bilateral relations are the continuous efforts for building a political dialogues on high and highest level. Special emphasis was placed to the further continuation of the mutual contacts and intensifying the exchange of visits on high and highest level. These contacts were very intensive in the first decade after the establishment of the relations.

The most important recent visits are:

- Official visit of the president of the Government of Republic of Macedonia, Nikola Gruevski, to Ukraine, 3rd – 5th November 2010;
- Official visit of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Republic of Macedonia, A. Miloshoski to Ukraine, October 2008.

Republic of Macedonia shows special interest in improvement of the economic cooperation, trade exchange and attracting Ukrainian investments. These two countries have rich normative and legal framework. The most significant bilateral documents are is it follows:

- Agreement for trade and economic cooperation;
- Agreement for avoiding double taxation and protection of fiscal evasion regarding the income taxes and profit taxes;
- Agreement for stimulating and mutual protection of investments;
- Free Trade Agreement,
- Agreement for cooperation in the area of education;
- Agreement for cooperation in culture.
Kazakhstan Diplomatic relations with Republic of Kazakhstan Macedonia

The bilateral relations between Republic of Macedonia and Republic of Kazakhstan are characterized with friendship, mutual understanding and shared interest in their further deepening. The diplomatic relations between these two countries were established on 1st June 1995. The first ambassador Trajan Petrovski submitted the credentials in Astana in October 1996.

Republic of Macedonia shows interest in deepening and intensifying the cooperation between these two countries. Also, Macedonia wants to be more present at the markets in this region.

In July, the president of Republic of Macedonia, Gj. Ivanov, paid his first official visit to Republic of Kazakhstan. The Prime Minister of Republic of Kazakhstan invited a high governmental delegation, led by the President of the Government of Republic of Macedonia, Nikola Gruevski. The delegation paid a working visit to Kazakhstan on 23rd and 24th May 2013.

Regarding the bilateral contractual situation, Republic of Macedonia and Republic of Kazakhstan signed the following important agreements:

- Agreement for avoiding double taxation and protection of fiscal evasion regarding the income taxes and taxes on profit;
- Agreement for stimulation and mutual protection of investments; and
- Agreement for economic cooperation.

The contractual framework is expected to stimulate the connection between the economic subjects of both countries. Also, there is interest for cooperation in the domain of education and science.

Azerbaijan Diplomatic relations with Republic of Azerbaijan Macedonia

Diplomatic relations between Republic of Macedonia and Republic of Azerbaijan were established on 28th June 1995. The first Macedonian Ambassador Melpomeni Korneti submitted the credentials to the president of Republic of Azerbaijan, Ilham Aliev, on 6th March 2007 in Baku.

These two countries have friendly relations, mutual understanding and interest for further development and enhancement. In that line, Republic of Macedonia is interested and ready to intensify the bilateral cooperation in several areas, especially in the economic one (energy – classic and alternative sources, infrastructure – pipelines, tourism, construction, agriculture, etc.), as well as in other areas of mutual interest.

The political relations between these two countries show upward development. On 28th and 29th June 2012 president Gj. Ivanov participated at the International Forum Kran Montana in Baku. There, he had a meeting with the President I. Aliev. The Macedonian Prime Minister, N. Gruevski, led the high governmental delegation that on 18th and 19th April 2013 visited Republic of Azerbaijan. The delegation had meetings with the highest Azerbaijani authorities (President I. Aliev, Prime Minister A. Rasizade, and others) at the business forum introduce the Azerbaijani businessmen with the conditions and possibilities for investments in the Macedonian economy.

In order to create legal base for widening of the economic cooperation of Republic of Macedonia and Republic of Azerbaijan, agreements for signed for avoidance of double taxation and protection of the fiscal evasion regarding the income taxes and taxes on profit, as well as for stimulation and mutual protection of the investments.

 

India Diplomatic relations with Republic of India Macedonia

Republic of Macedonia and Republic of India established diplomatic relations on 9th February 1995. The bilateral relations between these two countries have an upward trend, especially after the Embassy of Republic of Macedonia was opened on 7th October 2008 in New Delhi.

Ambassador of India to the Republic of Macedonia (resident in Sofia) is Mr. Divyabh Manchanda who submitted the credentials to the President of Republic of Macedonia, Gj. Ivanov, on 28th January 2010. Toni Atanasovski is the Ambassador of Republic of Macedonia to India.

The bilateral relations between Republic of Macedonia and Republic of India are characterized with friendship and mutual understanding. Both countries are ready to improve their cooperation. The interest of Republic of Macedonia to intensify the cooperation with India comes out from the position and geo-political plan of India within global frames.

The political relations are improved, especially upon the intensive exchange of visits on high and highest level in the past few years:

- In the period 4th – 8th March 2012 President of the Government of Republic of Macedonia, Nikola Gruevski, visited Republic of India, accompanied with delegation from the Government. Business forums were held in New Delhi, Pune, and Mumbai. They were organized for presenting the investing opportunities and benefits offered by Republic of Macedonia to the interested Indian businessmen;
- President of the Assembly of Republic of Macedonia, Trajko Veljanovski, visited India in the period 3rd – 9th March 2013. He was accompanied by a parliamentary delegation. The visit ensued an invitation extended by the speaker of the Lower House in the Parliament of India, Meira Kumar;
- The first official visit to India on the level of Minister of Foreign Affairs was paid by Minister A. Miloshoski in the period 20th – 24th January 2009. Minister Miloshoski visited India upon the invitation of MFA P. Mukerdzi;
- MFA Poposki invited the state minister of foreign affairs of Republic of India, Mrs. Prenit Kor, to visit Macedonia. She arrived accompanied by a delegation composed of known Indian businessmen; 10th – 11th July 2012;
- MFA Poposki visited India in the period 14th – 18th December 2013 and had a meeting with MFA of India, Mr. Salman Rushid and state MFA of India, Mrs. Prenit Kor.
Israel Diplomatic relations with State of Israel Macedonia

The bilateral relations between Republic of Macedonia and the State of Israel are characterized with high degree of friendship, mutual understanding and satisfactory level of political relations. These are continuously nurtured through regular political consultations, exchange of visits on high and highest level, as well as deepening of the cooperation in other areas. The emphasis in the bilateral communication is placed on the economic cooperation,, especially the one within the frames of the MASHAV program.

Republic of Macedonia and the State of Israel established diplomatic relations on ambassadorial level on 7th December 1995. In January 2008 the Government of Republic of Macedonia adopted a decision to open a Liaison Office in the State of Israel. In June the decision for the Liaison Office was replaced with a Decision for transformation of the Liaison Office into an Embassy, and a candidate was proposed for the position of head of the mission. On 30th September 2009, Pajo Avirovikj gave President Shimon Peres the credentials as the first extraordinary plenipontentiary ambassador of Republic of Macedonia to the State of Israel. The Embassy was seated in Tel Aviv.

The political relations have upward development especially after the intensive exchange of visits on high and highest level in the past few years, as it follows:

- Official visit of MFA N. Poposki to the State of Israel, 29th April – 3rd May 2012. During this visit, Mr. Poposki met his host, vice president of the Government and Minister of Foreign Affairs of the State of Israel, Avigdor Liberman, and was also hosted by the Israeli President, Shimon Peres.
- 21st – 23rd June 2012 – President of Republic of Macedonia, Gjorge Ivanov, participated at the Presidential conference “Facing Tomorrow” that took place in Jerusalem;
- 20th – 23rd June 2010 – President of the Assembly of Republic of Macedonia, Trajko Veljanovski, paid official visit to the State of Israel. Mr. Veljanovski was accompanied by the MPs P. Trajanov, President of the Parliamentary group for cooperation of the Parliament of Israel and the members of the group, S. Grkovska and Dz. Ademi.
- 3rd – 5th May 2010 – Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs of the State of Israel, Avigdor Liberman, accompanied by a delegation of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the State of Israel and a group of Israeli businessmen, paid official visit to the Republic of Macedonia. This was the first time for a high representative from Israel, and an Israeli Minister of Foreign Affairs to visit the Republic of Macedonia;
- 4th – 6th January 2010 – The President of the Government of Republic of Macedonia accompanied by the Vice President of the Government of the Republic of Macedonia, Vladimir Peshevski, the Minister of Interior, Gordana Jankulovska, and the Director of Foreign Investment Agency, Viktor Mizo, visited the State of Israel.

In order to speed up the dynamic and to enliven the economic cooperation between Republic of Macedonia and Israel, the Agreement for avoidance of double taxation and the Agreement for promotion and mutual protection of investments shall be signed. There are especially strong potentials for cooperation in the area of agriculture, water resources management, food industry, tourism etc. The Israeli companies show special interest to open combined companies for production of healthy agricultural food mostly for export in third markets.

Jordan Diplomatic relations with Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan Macedonia

Republic of Macedonia and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan have bilateral relations and cooperation that feature mutual understanding and respect, as well as common will for significant improvement and enhancement.

Republic of Macedonia and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan established diplomatic relations on 15th September 2000. In February 2002 H.E. Mr. Musa Braizat was appointed as first non-resident Ambassador of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan to Republic of Macedonia (resident in Ankara). In May 2013, Mr. Nenad Kolev, Director in MFA of Republic of Macedonia, was appointed as special representative of MFA Nikola Poposki to the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, seated in Cairo for a period of 3 months.

The legal framework for regulation of the trade relations between Macedonia and Jordan is in fact the set of rules and principles of WTO. Republic of Macedonia became a full-fledged member of WTO on 4th April 2003. Jordan became a member on 11th April 2000.

In the period 12th – 14th September 2013, Republic of Macedonia was visited by representatives of the Economic Chamber of Jordan, members of the Jordan Europe Business Association and businessmen of different sectors. This visit was organized by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Office for Technological Industrial Zones, as well as the Economic Chambers of Republic of Macedonia. During the visit, the following agreements were signed:

- Agreement for cooperation between the Jordan Europe Business Association and the Economic Chamber of Macedonia;
- Agreement for cooperation between the Economic Chamber of Jordan and the Economic Chamber of Macedonia;
- Agreement for establishment of Jordan-Macedonian Business Council between the Jordan Europe Business Association and Economic Chamber of Macedonia;
- Agreement for cooperation between the Jordan Europe Business Association and the Economic Chamber of North-Western Macedonia;
- Agreement for cooperation between the Economic Chamber of Jordan and the Economic Chamber of North-Western Macedonia;
- Agreement for establishment of Jordan-Macedonian Business Council between the Jordan European Business Association and the Economic Chamber of North-Western Macedonia;
- Memorandum for cooperation between the Union of Economic Chambers of Republic of Macedonia and the Economic Chamber of Jordan.
Qatar Diplomatic relations with State of Qatar Macedonia

The bilateral relations and cooperation between Republic of Macedonia and the State of Qatar show high level of interest on both sides for improvement of the overall cooperation, especially the cooperation in the economy.

Republic of Macedonia and the State of Qatar established diplomatic relations on 25th June 1996. In 2005, the Government of the Republic of Macedonia adopted a decision for opening an Embassy of the Republic of Macedonia in Doha. The Embassy started working in April 2006 and has been active regarding the overall cooperation with Qatar. Current ambassador of the Republic of Macedonia to the State of Qatar is Fuad Hasanovic who submitted his credentials in 2010. In November 2012 the State of Qatar opened an Embassy to the Republic of Macedonia on the level of incumbent embassy, and in the second half of 2013, they appointed H.E. Hasan Bin Abdulah Zaid Al-Mahmoud as a plenipotentiary ambassador of the State of Qatar to the Republic of Macedonia. This closed the process of opening Embassy of Qatar to our country and opened new possibilities for cooperation.

Republic of Macedonia and the State of Qatar underline the bilateral relations as a tool for improvement of the economic cooperation especially for attracting investments from Qatar to the Republic of Macedonia. The political relations mark an upward trend especially after the intensive exchange of visits on high and highest level in the past few years:

- March 2012, official visit of the President of the Government of Republic of Macedonia, Nikola Gruevski, to the State of Qatar (first official visit of a Macedonian Prime Minister to Qatar);
- January 2013, official visit of the President of Republic of Macedonia, Gjorge Ivanov, to the State of Qatar;
- Visit of the Vice-President of the Government of Republic of Macedonia, M. Dzaferi, to the State of Qatar, 14th January 2013.
Kuwait Diplomatic relations with State of Kuwait Macedonia

Republic of Macedonia and State of Kuwait established diplomatic relations on 16th June 1997. In March 2005 the State of Kuwait appointed the current Ambassador Abdullah Al-Duvaih as the first non-resident Ambassador of the State of Kuwait to the Republic of Macedonia. The embassy was seated in Ankara. In October 2012 the Ambassador of Republic of Macedonia to the State of Kuwait, Fuad Hasanovic, submitted the credentials as extraordinary plenipotentiary non-resident ambassador of the Republic of Macedonia to the State of Kuwait, seated in Doha.

The political relations are based on small number of visits and meetings on high and highest level for the past few years.

- October 2011, parliamentary delegation of Kuwait visited Republic of Macedonia;
- June 2000, MFA A. Dimitrov paid a two-day visit to Kuwait.

Republic of Macedonia and the State of Kuwait pay special attention to improvement of the economic cooperation especially to attracting Kuwait investments in the Republic of Macedonia. The legal framework for economic and trade cooperation between these two countries was established upon the conclusion of the agreement between the Government of the Republic of Macedonia and the Government of the State of Kuwait for economic and technical cooperation executed on 12th June 2000. This agreement was ratified on 23rd January 2002. Among the other significant agreements, one can mention the Agreement for stimulation and mutual protection of the investments, as well as the agreement for avoidance of double taxation and protection of fiscal evasion regarding the income tax and the taxes on profit.

 

United-Arab-Emirates Diplomatic relations with United Arab Emirates Macedonia

The bilateral relations and cooperation between Republic of Macedonia and the United Arab Emirates are characterized with high degree of friendship and mutual understanding, as well as presence of huge potential for further improvement and enhancement of the cooperation in all areas of mutual interest.

Republic of Macedonia and the United Arab Emirates established diplomatic relations on ambassadorial level on 27th May 1996. In the beginning, the bilateral contacts with the United Arab Emirates were going through our Embassies in London and Rome. In 1997 Trajan Petrovski was appointed non-resident Ambassador of the Republic of Macedonia to the United Arab Emirates seated in Ankara.

On 29th June 2013 the Government of the Republic of Macedonia adopted a decision for opening an Embassy of the Republic of Macedonia to the United Arab Emirates seated in Abu Dhabi. An agreement was requested from the MFA of UAE for the newly appointed extraordinary and plenipotentiary Ambassador of the Republic of Macedonia to Abu Dhabi, Sasho Tasevski.

The political relations are based on insignificant exchange of visits and meetings on highest level in the past few years:

- 6th – 11th May 2014 – Macedonian delegation led by the Minister of Foreign Investments, Dzeri Naumof, Ambassador to Indian, Toni Atanasovski, and the Director of the Foreign Investments Agency, Visar Fida, participated on the biggest Global Investment Summit in Dubai;
- 11th June 2013 – Visit of the Minister of Economy of United Arab Emirates, Sultan binsaeed Al Mansoori to the Republic of Macedonia. He had a meeting with the President of the Government of Republic of Macedonia, Nikola Gruevski;
- 28th – 30th March 2012 – the Minister of Foreign Investments, Bil Pavleski and the Office for Technological and Industrial Zones, Viktor Mizo, visited UAE;
- June 2009 – Delegation from UAE led by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of UAE, Sheik Abdullah bin Zayed Al Nahyan, visited Republic of Macedonia.

The emphasis in the bilateral relations between Republic of Macedonia and UAE is placed on improvement of the economic cooperation, especially the attraction of Arab investments in the Republic of Macedonia. In that line, we are welcoming the investment of the company Apple Land from Dubai and the construction of distributive centre and cooler for apples in Resen. We hope that this will be the beginning of further investments and shall help opening new working posts because that is the goal of our economic policies.

Iran Diplomatic relations with Islamic Republic of Iran Macedonia

Diplomatic relations between Republic of Macedonia and the Islamic Republic of Iran on ambassadorial level were established on 10th March 1995.
With a decree issued by the President of Republic of Macedonia, Gjorge Ivanov (7th March 2011) ambassador Takosvksi was appointed as non-resident ambassador of Republic of Macedonia to the Islamic Republic of Iran. The first resident ambassador of the Islamic Republic of Iran to Macedonia was H.E. Said Sadegh Mohammadi who submitted the credentials on 8th February 2013.

Bilateral meetings were held on level of Ministers of Foreign Affairs at international conference (during the 54th GA of UN in New York in 1999, at the margins of the Islamic Conference in Kuala Lumpur in June 2000 and on 55th GA of UN in New York in 2000).

The economic relations between these two countries are far from possibilities for real cooperation, although there are preconditions for its diversification. A dominant form of cooperation is the trade exchange with permanent trade shortfall on Macedonian side.

In the previous period, Republic of Macedonia joined the adoption of numerous resolutions UN Security Council Resolutions which imposed sanctions against Iran due to the fact that Iran did not suspend the activities related to Uranium enrichment and processing. Republic of Macedonia hopes that Iran shall finally respond to the requests of all international community expressed in the UNSC Resolutions, and to the open call for cooperation extended by the president of USA, Barak Obama. Macedonia welcomed the optimistic announcements from Wien upon the completion of the 3rd round of nuclear negotiations of G5+1 and Iran held on 9th April 2014. It is expected that the negotiations shall end no later than 20th July 2014.

 

Syria Diplomatic relations with Syrian Arab Republic Macedonia

Republic of Macedonia and the Syrian Arab Republic established diplomatic relations on 23rd September 2010. The cooperation between these two countries goes through the Embassy of Republic of Macedonia in Ankara and the Embassy of Syria in Belgrade. Honorary Consul of Republic of Macedonia to the Syrian Arab Republic is Mazen Ibrahin Hamur.

Since the beginning of the Syrian crisis, Macedonia is strongly supporting the efforts of the international community for putting an end to the violence in Syria, for democratic development and continuation of the reconstruction of the country. Republic of Macedonia joins the efforts of EU to support Syria in the transition period, and afterwards, fully supporting the efforts undertaken by the joint representative of UN and the Arab League, Lakhdar Brahimi, to find a peaceful solution in Syria, using a comprehensive and democratic transition.

Republic of Macedonia supports the appeals to the Syrian authorities for putting an end to all forms of violence and repression and for providing full support to the work of UN Monitoring Mission (UNSMIS) and the process of democratic transition in the interest of the citizens of Syria.

On 1st April 2012 the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Macedonia, Mr. Nikola Poposki participated at the Second Conference of the Group of Friends of the Syrian people. Republic of Macedonia takes continuous and constructive part in the work of the Conferences of the Group of Friends of the Syrian people.

 

Egypt Diplomatic relations with Arab Republic of Egypt Macedonia

Republic of Macedonia and the Arab Republic of Egypt established diplomatic relations in 14th November 1994. On 30th May 2000 the Government of Republic of Macedonia adopted a decision to open Embassy seated in Kairo. The Embassy started functioning on 7th February 2001 with an incumbent ambassador. In 2004 Republic of Macedonia appointed the first resident Ambassador to the Arab Republic of Egypt, Agim Leka. Velibor Topalovski has been an Ambassador of Republic of Macedonia to the Arab Republic of Egypt since 1st April 2014 whereas Manal Jahia Shinavi has been an Ambassador of the Arab Republic of Egypt to Republic of Macedonia since 27th September 2013. The Egyptian Embassy is seated in Sofia.

The relations between Republic of Macedonia and the Arab Republic of Egypt are being developed in the spirit of friendship, mutual understanding and respect. The Embassy of Republic of Macedonia in Kairo is the single Diplomatic Consular Mission of Republic of Macedonia to Africa.

The political relations mark upward trend. We can mention the following visits on high and highest level in the period since the diplomatic relations have been established:

- First official visit to the Republic of Macedonia paid by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Arab Republic of Egypt, Ahmed Abul Geit, 17th February 2010;
- The head of the Macedonian diplomacy, Aleksandar Dimitrov, paid official visit to Egypt on 21st – 22nd November 1999.

Among the most significant bilateral agreements, we can distinguish the agreements for cooperation in the field for fight against the criminal, scientific and technological cooperation and the Protocol for cooperation signed between the Ministries of Foreign Affairs of both countries.

Morocco Diplomatic relations with Kingdom of Morocco Macedonia

The diplomatic relations between Republic of Macedonia and the Kingdom of Morocco were founded on 18th September 2002. Ambassador of the Kingdom of Morocco to the Republic of Macedonia, resident in Sofia, is Latifa Aharbash. She submitted the credential to the President of Republic of Macedonia in October 2013.

The relations between Republic of Macedonia and the Kingdom of Morocco develop in the spirit of friendship, mutual understanding and respect. Morocco considers Republic of Macedonia to be a close country, and has excellent bilateral cooperation, and cooperation in the international organizations.

The cooperation was intensified when the President of the Government of Republic of Macedonia, Nikola Gruevski, paid his first official visit to the Kingdom of Morocco (11th – 12th May 2010). There, he met his host, the Prime Minister of Morocco, Abbas El Fassi. In the period 20th – 22nd June 2012 Skopje was the host to the third political consultations between the MFAs of both countries on the level of state secretaries.

Republic of Macedonia and the Kingdom of Morocco executed agreements to avoid the double taxation and protection of fiscal evasion regarding the income taxes, as well as joint stimulation and protection of investments. The investments are solid base for development of bilateral economic cooperation.